A 160-year-old history book

The History of St. Lawrence and Franklin counties was published in 1853 by Dr. Franklin B. Hough. The book, a gift to me many years ago, contains more than 700 pages, and the details in numbers, names and historical documents are unbelievable.

So, published herein are random paragraphs about soldiers, politicians and the press that I hope my readers will find interesting; reading this stuff just fascinates me.

Rewarding the soldiers

“The frontiers of New York, in 1779, being much exposed to hostile excursions of the Indian tribes, who were incited to this by the British, to became necessary to provide some efficient mode of defence, and the necessity of the State of New York’s relying upon her internal resources, became greater, from the failure of the several states to furnish their respective quotas of troops for the general defence.

“The state legislature, therefore proceeded to adopt the measures requisite to bring into the field a force sufficient for their purpose, and passed a law, on the 20th of March, 1781, providing for the enlistment of two regiments for the defence of the frontiers. The troops thus raised, were to be armed, subsisted, and paid by the United States, and to continue in service three years, unless sooner discharged.

“At the end of their enlistment, the state pledged to the officers and privates that they would receive lands in proportion to their rank. Noncommissioned officers and privates would receive 500 acres and officers as follows: a major general, 5,500 acres; brigadier general, 4,250 acres; colonel, 2,500 acres; lt. colonel, 2,250 acres; major, 2,000 acres; captain and surgeon of regiment, 1,500 acres each and the chaplain, 2,000 acres.”

Township names

[Tract Number One in the Macomb Purchase listed 27 townships in Franklin County and why they were so named.]

“1. Macomb, Alexander Macomb; 2. Cormachus, Daniel McCormick; 3. Constable, Wm. Constable; 4. Moria, a place in Ireland; 5. Bangor, a town in Wales; 6. Malone, a name in the family of R. Harrison; 7. Annastown, a daughter of Constable; 8. St. Patrick, the Irish saint; 9. Shelah, a place in Ireland; 10. Williamsville, a son of Constable; 11. Westerly; 12. Everettaville, a daughter of Constable; 13. Dayton, Jonathan Dayton; 14. Ennis; 15. Fowler, Thedosius Fowler; 16. Johnsmanor, a son of Constable; 17. Gilchrist, Jonathan Gilchrist; 18. Brighton, a town in England; 19. Cheltenham, a town in England; 20. Margate, a town in England; 21. Harrietstown, a daughter of Constable; 22. Lochnragh, a lake in Ireland; 23. Killlarney, a lake in Ireland; 24. Barrymore, a place in Ireland; 25. Mount Morris; 26. Cove Hill; 27. Tippperary, a county in Ireland.

“These were numbered from west to east, and from north to south. See map of Franklin County, where the original names and numbers are given.”

The early newspapers

[Following are a few of the early newspapers in St. Lawrence and Franklin Counties.]

“The first newspaper published in St. Lawrence County was the Palladium, in 1810, by John C. Kipp and Timothy C. Strong of Middlebury, Vermont.

“The Northern Light, an anti-masonic paper was begun in Odgensburgh (sic) on July 7, 1831 by W. B. Rogers.”

There were then a string of newspapers that started in Odgensburgh; The Frontier Sentinel, The Daily Sentinel, The Meteorological Register, The Daily Morning News, The Weekly News and The Odgensburgh Daily Times.

The Potsdam Gazette was begun January 13, 1816, neutral in politics, by Frederick C. Powell. Then followed The Potsdam American, The Herald, The Patriot, The St. Lawrence Republican, The Canton Advertiser and The Day Star.

In July 1832, C. C. Bill, started a whig paper in Canton, called The Northern Telegraph followed by the Canton Democrat, The Luminary of the North and the Northern Cabinet and Literary Repository, the Enquirer and the Tariff Advocate.

The Franklin Telegraph was the first paper ever published in Franklin County started in Malone in 1824. Its publisher was Francis Burnap. Then John G. Clayton started The Northern Spectator in Malone in 1830. The first newspaper in Fort Covington was the Franklin Republican started in 1827 by J. K. Averill and in 1837 there was another newspaper begun in Fort Covington by F. D. Flanders called the Franklin Gazette. Subsequently in Franklin County there was The Messenger, The Salmon River Messenger and the Jeffersonian.